Thailand, up to 5 years of Tax Treaty

(Reported from Internal Revenue Service (IRS), US government Publication 901)

Tax treaty for Professors, Teachers, and Researchers

An individual who is a resident of Thailand on the date of arrival in the United States and who is in the United States for not longer than 2 years primarily to teach or engage in research at a university, college, school, or other recognized educational institution is exempt from U.S. income tax on income for the teaching or research. The exemption from tax applies only if the visit does not exceed 2 years from the date the individual first visits the United States for the purpose of engaging in teaching or research.

This exemption does not apply to income from research carried on mainly for the private benefit of any person rather than in the public interest. This exemption does not apply if, during the immediately preceding period, the benefits described in treaty Article 22(1), pertaining to students, were claimed.

Tax treaty for Training, education, studying and recipients of grants, fellowships, scholarships and awards

An individual who is a resident of Thailand at the beginning of his or her visit to the United States and who is temporarily present in the United States is exempt from U.S. income tax on certain amounts for a period of up to 5 years. To be entitled to the exemption, the individual must be in the United States for the primary purpose of:

  • Studying at a university or other recognized educational institution in the United States,
  • Obtaining training required to qualify him or her to practice a profession or professional specialty, or
  • Studying or doing research as a recipient of a grant, allowance, or award from a governmental, religious, charitable, scientific, literary, or educational organization.

If the individual meets any of these requirements, the following amounts are exempt from U.S. tax.

  • Gifts from abroad for the purpose of maintenance, education, study, research, or training.
  • The grant, allowance, or award.
  • Income from personal services performed in the United States of up to $3,000 for the tax year.

An individual who is a resident of Thailand at the beginning of the visit to the United States and who is temporarily present in the United States as an employee of, or under contract with, a resident of Thailand is exempt from U.S. income tax for a period of 12 consecutive months on up to $7,500 received from personal services if the individual is in the United States primarily to:

  • Acquire technical, professional, or business experience from a person other than the Thai resident, or
  • Study at a university or other recognized educational institution in the United States.

An individual who is a resident of Thailand at the time he or she becomes temporarily present in the United States and who is temporarily present in the United States for a period not longer than 1 year as a participant in a program sponsored by the U.S. government for the primary purpose of training, research, or study is exempt from U.S. income tax on up to $10,000 of income from personal services for that training, research, or study.